Different Types of Countries Require Different Types of Government

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Results from Singapore election is out. The ruling party manage to secure the mandate again by getting 81 out of the 87 seats in the parliament. Thats a whopping 94% of the seats.

Will such majority reflects an effective government? Personally I think – depends on the stage of development of the country. I believe in any country, there are different stages of maturity that will command different types of government.



Stage 1 – Undeveloped Countries

Not many countries are in this stage. This is a stage where the country has just came out of civil war or colonialization. This is the stage when the country realized that its time to move forward. Personally, the type of leader that I would want would be somebody who is visionary and different. He/She must the person that have the balls to lead a country who’s in turmoil, and now moving back to civilization.

Stage 2 – Developing

Developing country is a term generally used to describe a nation with a low level of material well-being. Since no single definition of the term developing country is recognized internationally, the levels of development may vary widely within so-called developing countries. Some developing countries have high average standards of living.

When one country is in this mode, the country would need to be focus in getting to be developed rather than trying to please the people. That type of focus is very important, but nevertheless certain principle must be obey to ensure that the country will grow in a mould that is shaped to what the vision is set upon. With regard to leadership type, personally I think the best type of leader in a country who is developing would be a dictator. A dictator type leader will ensure that what ever decision that he made that is critical to the nation, is done fast – and with very little resistance. But such type of leader are dangerous if chosen wrongly. They might just pull the country backwards, as the decision that is made by them is purely of personal interest rather than of the interest of the nation.


Mahathir Mohamad


Lee Kuan Yew

Individuals of this nature are like Mahathir Mohamad and Lee Kuan Yew. Regardless of what everybody says, these two individuals runs the country like a dictator (but in a democratic nation). Their decisions are somewhat final. No matter what ever that is said by other people, their say is key. But – those are two smart people. I give the hats to them as they are vital to the transformation of the nation. Without them Singapore and Malaysia won’t be where they are today.

Stage 3 – Developed

he term developed country is used to describe countries that have a high level of development according to some criteria. Which criteria, and which countries are classified as being developed, is a contentious issue and is surrounded by fierce debate. Economic criteria have tended to dominate discussions. One such criterion is income per capita; countries with high gross domestic product (GDP) per capita would thus be described as developed countries. Another economic criterion is industrialization; countries in which the tertiary and quaternary sectors of industry dominate would thus be described as developed. More recently another measure, the Human Development Index (HDI), which combines an economic measure, national income, with other measures, indices for life expectancy and education has become prominent. This criterion would define developed countries as those with a very high (HDI) rating. However, many anomalies exist when determining “developed” status by whichever measure is used.

At this stage the country, the economy is moving at fast speed and the focus of the nation is switched from trying to develop to trying to sustain where they are now. Typically, the citizens are a lot more matured and have the balls to decide who’s going to lead the nation (not relevant to communist type country like China).

The government that leads the country typically have a very balance ratio of representation from different types of party. This reflects the maturity and the need to have a balanced view in deciding on any issues and policies.

The issue is that sometimes, certain countries are in this stage earlier than the level of government maturity. Resulting is tremendous flaws screw up.


Applying Crowdsourcing – Improving Traffic Camera Accuracy

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“Crowd Sourcing” is a concept that is fast gaining ground. To me, the definition of “Crowd Sourcing” is the sourcing of a group of anonymous individuals to complete a complex tasks together.

“Crowd Sourcing” has been employed by many Internet-based companies to perform “minion-suitable” tasks. Example of such tasks are keyword tagging for photos, testing usability of forms and URL link tests. One good example of a company which takes advantage of this service is Amazon-owned Mechanical Turk (www.mechanicalturk.com). This company acts as the middle-man for “Crowd Sourcing” based work. Businesses can engage Mechanical Turk to gather the crowd (referred as Turks) to perform simple tasks. Each of the Turk will need to go thru a simple test to determine their suitability. By getting this information, Mechanical Turk would be able to employ the right Turks to perform the right tasks.

Having said that, there are definitely a lot of ways that this concept can be employed. The model, which relies on two fundamental elements; people and task. Obviously, employing people to perform a certain task-would require the “employer” to give compensation. As the task is simple, perhaps can even be a no-brainer, would only cost the employer a small cost. In fact, if we take an example of a simple task; extracting numbers out of a set of 1 million pictures. Assuming, the pictures are of different quality and different font (for the numbers); it would probably cost the employer millions of dollars to just set up a system that would be able to decode such things. It could be cheaper paying 5 cents per picture to a 1000 people. In fact, it will probably be faster to do that manner.

Malaysia – is estimated to have just above 28M population in the year 2009 (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malaysia). Based on that, approximately 70% percent is urban (http://globalis.gvu.unu.edu/indicator_detail.cfm?IndicatorID=30&Country=MY). Urban in this sense should be people who stays in area where there’s decent facility for water, gas, electricity. Therefore places that is really remote, is considered non urban. Its safe to say than, 70% of the population of 28M, which translates to 19.6M is urban. In addition to that – based on statistics of World Bank, 15M of the population are internet users. What this statistics say that, Malaysia has very good population that can be mobilized to perform some of the “tedious” duties for the government.


The hypothetical project is to tag a traffic offence photograph with the plate number. Based on my knowledge (which I maybe wrong), the system to perform character recognition is very expensive. The image processing needs to be smart enough to handle different types of scenarios, such as brightness, weather, fonts and angle. A human brain, which many many times more powerful than any computer would be able to handle the different factors easier. On top of that,one would just need to be literate to be able to perform the function. By having many citizens to sign up for this hypothetical program, the process of tagging would be so much faster and accurate.


In fact, one might argue that accuracy would be a concern here. But, by using common concept of “Second Opinion”; the concept might just work. What I meant is that each of the photograph would need to be tagged by two anonymous person. If the photograph are not tagged with the same number, the system will assume this to be in reject and would need to either be forwarded back to the pool for retagging, or to a group of internal business users (where in this case is traffic cops).

This hypothetical project in a nutshell employs citizen of Malaysia to perform simple yet tedious task of tagging the plate number of traffic offenders. The hypothetical project can be a start to a National program of employing the citizen with simple tasks that need to be done by government servant.

The benefit of this hypothetical project is that, the Government will save millions of dollars from spending on expensive recognition software and hardware. In addition to that, it will provide a good socio-economy impact where the wealth of the country will be shared with the people. Indirectly, this will also create a useful need for families in non-urban areas to get access to Internet. Anybody should be able to go into this program – thus creating a good source of income to students and house wives.